A. Beller & Co. was a cloak and suit manufacturer established in 1890 by Abraham Beller. The A. Beller & Co. adaptions of imported models as well as the company's own original designs were of the highest quality and retailed at high-end department stores. The company's product was considered the gold standard for American manufacturers, and the company's executives, Abraham Beller and Max Meyer, were widely respected within the industry. The company shuttered its doors in 1931 amid the Great Depression.
Robert (Bob) Abajian received his training from the Fashion Institute of Technology. In 1978, he received the Mortimer Ritter Award, presented for outstanding achievement in design. He was a member and the president in 1992 of Fashion's Inner Circle.
In a 42-year career in the apparel industry, he served as design director for the apparel company College Town/Panther from 1980 to 1983 and spent 11 years as design director for Bobbie Brooks. He joined Liz Claiborne in 1984 as design director and, after a brief period away from the company, returned in 1987 as vice president of the Lizsport line.
As a senior vice president at Liz Claiborne, he was in charge of coordinating design for the $1.1 billion sportswear division, which consists of three lines. He took over the company's design direction when Ms. Claiborne retired as company chairwoman in 1989. He retired in 1994.
He developed a studio at Liz Claiborne where recent design graduates could work with an established director in developing their skills.
Boston-born menswear designer Joseph Abboud studied Comparative Literature at the University of Massachusetts and studied at the Sorbonne in Paris before returning to his hometown in the late 1960s to become a menswear buyer for local boutiques. In 1981, he joined Ralph Lauren as a designer and launched his own eponymously named menswear line in late 1986, which retailed at high-end department stores including Bergdorf Goodman and Saks Fifth Avenue. Abboud was awarded the CFDA Menswear Designer of the Year in 1989 and 1990, and in 2012, he became the Chief Creative Director of Men's Warehouse. His autobiography Threads: My Life Behind the Seams of High-Stakes World of Fashion was published in 2004.
Abercrombie & Fitch was founded in 1892 by David Abercrombie. Then known as Abercrombie Co., the brand sold outdoor specialty goods. Twelve years later, Ezra Fitch becomes a partner and the name changes to Abercrombie & Fitch. The company was sold to James S. Cobb in 1928 after Fitch retired. Throughout the mid-20th century, the brand changed owners as well as visions for the brand. In 1996, the company, now owned by Limited Brands, went public on the New York Stock Exchange. Notable customers of the brand include Amelia Earhart, John F. Kennedy, and Theodore Roosevelt.
Abraham & Straus was founded by Abraham Abraham and Isidor Straus, co-owner of R.H. Macy and Company, on February 14, 1865 in Brooklyn, NY. Taking up an entire city block ( between Fulton, Hoyt, and Livingston Streets and Gallatin Place) Abraham & Straus remained one of these shopping destinations in Brooklyn throughout the late 19th and most of the 20th century. The owners often planned new expansions, like a 10 story complex in 1928 (the Great Depression made it so only three sections were constructed). In 1959, the store expanded once again spilling over to the lot across Hoyt Street. By the mid-century, however, the area surrounding the department store began to lose it's grandeur. In 1995, the store was repurposed into a Macy's. Today, you can still see parts of the original design inside the Macy's.
Hippolyte Pierre "Pol" Abraham was a French architect.
Bella Savitzky Abzug was an American lawyer, U.S. Representative, social activist and a leader of the Women's Movement. In 1971, Abzug joined other leading feminists such as Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, and Betty Friedan to found the National Women's Political Caucus.
Reem Acra was born in Beirut and after studying business at the American University of Beirut, moved to New York to study at the Fashion Institute of Technology where she graduated magne cum laude and won awards for her senior collection. Acra subsequently studied fashion design at ESMOD in Paris and briefly worked in Hong Kong and Taiwan before launching her own bridal wear brand Reem Acra New York in 1997. The brand continues to be known for its bridal looks and high-end RTW eveningwear.
Maud Adams is a Swedish actress and model best known for her roles as a Bond Girl in the James Bond films 'The Man With the Golden Gun' and 'Octopussy.' Adams also made a third appearance in a Bond film, 'A View To a Kill,' as an extra.
Cuban-born Adolfo Sardiña, best known as Adolfo, began his successful fashion career in Paris as an apprentice to Balenciaga. American buyers admired his work and encouraged him to come to New York. In 1953, he became a designer for the milliner Emme. Adolfo hats earned him his first COTY Award in 1955.
In 1962, Adolfo started his own business. A few years later, on the theory that if he could design a hat he could design anything, Adolfo started making Chanel-inspired suits and unusual evening gowns. In 1969, he was presented with a special COTY Award for his contribution to design from head-to-toe. Adolfo carried this practice further in 1976, designing head-to-toe menswear looks for Leon of Paris.
“A person can look put together without appearing too rigid or too extravagant, “says Adolfo. “If people are astute enough to combine different clothes with flair and style, they can create their own fashion. We all must maintain the freedom to show off individuality. Fashion should be revolutionary, but always in the direction of good taste.” Adolfo clients include First Lady Nancy Reagan, Babe Paley, Gloria Vanderbilt and C.Z. Guest.
Gilbert Adrian, known simply as Adrian, epitomized the magic of Hollywood glamour and created a unique and quintessentially American style. He was born in Connecticut in 1903 and began his career as a designer for Broadway musicals. In 1925, he moved from New York City to Los Angeles to work in film, most notably at MGM, until 1941. During the darkest years of the Great Depression, Adrian combined an appreciation for detail in Parisian couture with a distinctive American sensibility and created unforgettable fashions for the big screen. Among his most memorable designs are the bias-cut silk gowns that became Jean Harlow's signature look and Joan Crawford's broad-shouldered and narrow-waisted power suits that pioneered a revolution in the way American women dressed. Other examples from his Hollywood years include the opulent and often seductive ensembles from films such as "Mata Hari," "Romance," "Camille," "Marie Antoinette", "DinnerT," and "The Philadelphia Story." He designed hats for Greta Garbo in "Romance" (1930) and "Camille" (1936), for Jean Harlow in "Blonde Bombshell" (1933), and for Joan Crawford in "The Gorgeous Hussy" (1936).
Gilbert Adrian's career as a high fashion designer flourished in the years from 1942 to 1952 when he had a custom salon in Beverly Hills and a ready-to-wear line in the most exclusive specialty stores of the day. Adrian's fashion designs included his strong-shouldered suits, provocative cocktail dresses, and art-inflected evening gowns. Significantly, contemporary designers such as Azzedine Alaia and Geoffrey Beene admire Adrian for his use of imaginative themes and sophisticated technical constructions, all inflected by his signature wit. In 2002 the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art developed the exhibition ''Adrian: American Glamour'' which presented a comprehensive look at Adrian's lifetime of work as an artist, a costume designer, and an American couturier.
Gorgen 'Ray' Aghayan was born in Tehran, Iran in 1928 and his interest in fashion perked at an early age as his mother was a couturier to the royal court of Iran. His love of Hollywood movies led him to California where he studied and later became a costume designer for the movie industry, garnering three Academy Award nominations for Costume Design and winning an Emmy in 1967 for his costuming work on 'Alice Through the Looking Glass,' an honor he shared with his life partner, Bob Mackie. Stars Aghayan costumed included Diana Ross, Judy Garland, Barbara Streisand and Julie Andrews. In 1984, Aghayan designed the ensembles worn by the US Olympic team for the opening and closing ceremonies at the games held in Los Angeles.
Marella Agnelli was born Princess Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto in Florence, Italy on May 4, 1927. Agnelli attended the Académie des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian in Paris, studying art and design. She moved to the U.S. in the early 1950s, where she modeled for and apprenticed under Vogue photographer Erwin Blumenfeld. Agnelli's neck became a point of conversation thanks to a now-famous photograph by Richard Avedon. Marella married Gianni Agnelli on November 19th, 1953. The newlyweds became an it couple in the European jet-set. No expense was spared in cultivating and maintaining their lavish lifestyle. Throughout the late 20th century, the couple mingled with European and American glitterati. After Gianni Agnelli passed away, Marella spent her time rehabilitating a villa in Marrakech named Ain Kassimou. Marella Agnelli passed away on February 23, 2019, in Turin, Italy.
Agnès-Drécoll was a French fashion house formed by the 1931 merger of Maison Agnès, an undergarment and cloak specialist and the dressmaking firm Drécoll, which was first established in Vienna and, later, Paris, under the direction of Mme. and M. Besançon de Wagner. The Besançon de Wagners' daughter, Marguerite, got her start in fashion working for them and later established her own couture house, Maggy Rouff.
President and CEO of Sanofi Beaute, Lawrence Aiken began working in the fragrance industry in 1980.
Akris is a Swiss fashion house founded in 1922 as an apron atelier by Alice Kriemler-Schoch. Located in the textile epicenter of St. Gallen, Switzerland, Kriemler-Schoch used local textiles often incorporated the fine machine embroidery for which the town is renowned. In 1944, Alice's son, Max, joined the business and relaunched it as Akris (a riff on his mother's initials), a full-fledged ready-to-wear brand. During the 1970s, the company engaged in partnerships with Givenchy and Ted Lapidus. Upon his father's death, Albert Kriemler took over as creative director furthering Akris' status as a luxury brand. Signatures of the house include the use of double-faced fabrics, horsehair textiles and the signature embroideries of St. Gallen.
Azzedine Alaïa was born in Tunis, Tunisia on February 26th, 1935. The son of a Tunisian wheat farmer, Alaïa was accustomed to working hard. His twin sister Hafida taught him how to sew as a way to make some extra money. Alaïa spent much of his youth reading fashion magazines from Paris. He studied sculpture at the École des Beaux Arts in Tunis before moving to Paris in 1957. Christian Dior hired him but the job lasted only five days; Alaïa's paperwork was not in order. Two aristocrat women took him under their wing, hiring the young designer as an au pair. Alaïa slowly accumulated customers, including Greta Garbo and novelist Louise de Vilmorin. The dancers at the Crazy Horse cabaret taught him the art of revealing the right amount of skin. While working at the houses of Guy Laroche and Thierry Mugler, Alaïa perfected his couture art, visiting textiles factories to research fabrics and spending his free time working with his private customers. In 1979, Alaïa opened his own house. The timing could not have been better as the designer's powerful and seductive garments were perfect for the 1980s. Throughout the decade, countless celebrities chose to wear his garments. Alaïa was unwilling to play by the rules, and by the mid-90s, he was not showing in accord with the set fashion schedule. He had private clients who kept him in business through the rest of the decade. In 2000, Prada acquired a stake of his company but seven years later, Alaïa bought it back to sell to the Richemont group. His one condition in the transaction was that he would work on his own pace. Alaïa showed collections sporadically throughout the 2000's and 2010's. His last collection was in July of 2017. Four months later, Azzedine Alaïa passed away.
Founded in either 1951 or 1955, Alberto & Roy is an Italian trend-forecasting company which specializes in textiles. The company is known for its "sensory books, which are extremely rich in materials and ideas: hundreds of real fabric samples, real yarns, real colours."
Larry Aldrich was born in 1906 to Russian immigrant parents in New York. In 1924, he attended Columbia college to earn a law degree but decided to pursue fashion after a summer job in the garment district. Aldrich opened his first fashion firm in 1927, but his name did not appear on the clothing label until the 1940s. The firm continued its operations until 1966 when it was sold. After retiring, he focused solely on collecting art, a hobby of his since 1937. Aldrich founded the Aldrich Museum for Contemporary Art in Ridgefield, Connecticut in 1967. Aldrich died in 2001 at the age of 95. During his career in fashion, Aldrich acted as president of the New York Couture Group.
Dr. Fernando Aleu was born in Spain in 1929. He moved from Spain to the University of Iowa for a residency as a neurologist. While working at NYU in the neurology department, he and his business partner started a fragrance company called Compar. His business was created in November, 1969 as a way to distribute the scents of his friend, the designer Paco Rabanne. Since then, the company has worked with many other brands including Carolina Herrera, Prada and Nina Ricci. In 1970, a fragrance his company produced, Calantra, was a nominated for an award by the Fragrance Foundation, and in 1976 Aleu was offered as position as president of the Fragrance Foundation. He served as president for a total of fourteen years, and also held the position of President of the Fragrance Foundation Research Fund.
Pearl Alexander Lipman (née Pearl Levy) was the co-owner and designer for the trend forecasting subscription services André Studios and Creator Studios. At the age of twelve, she sold her first designs to children’s wear manufacturer Joseph Love. At seventeen, she started her own business before studying fashion and design at Cooper Union and the Traphagan School. Levy was employed as a designer by coat manufacturer Rubin Endler, Inc. before striking out on her own. In 1930, Levy married Albert Louis “A. L.” Alexander, a police reporter-turned-radio announcer. After her marriage, Levy became known, both personally and professionally, as Pearl Levy Alexander, Pearl L. Alexander and Pearl Alexander. She eventually married a second time, and by the early 1960s was going by Mrs. Pearl Lipman.
Victor Alfaro is a Mexican fashion designer based in New York City. His collection is sold under the VICTOR ALFARO label, and his company’s ready-to-wear collection is available at luxury retailers such as Barneys New York, The Room, Lane Crawford, Net-a-Porter and several boutiques throughout the U.S. Alfaro also designs a home furnishings collection under the CASA by Victor Alfaro brand, sold exclusively at The Bon-Ton Stores.
Alfaro came to the U.S. in 1981 from Mexico and graduated from the Fashion Institute of Technology in 1987. Since the inception of his company, he has been honored with numerous industry accolades and awards recognizing his talent, including the Perry Ellis Award for New Fashion Talent at the 1995 CFDA Fashion Awards.
Alias was a television show starring Jennifer Garner. It ran on the ABC network from 2001 to 2006.
Born Linda Marie on May 27, 1940 in Akron, Ohio, Linda Allard is a fashion designer known for her work at Ellen Tracy. Following her graduation from Kent State University in 1962, Allard was hired as an assistant designer for the brand Ellen Tracy, which was owned by Herbert Gallen. In 1964, Allard was promoted to Head Designer, but it would be another twenty years before her name was added to the Ellen Tracy label in 1984. Allard married Herbert Gallen--Ellen Tracy's founder and chairman--in March, 2000. Allard has acted as a design critic for students at the Fashion Institute of Technology.
Sue Ellen Allen is an American jewelry designer, writer and prison reform activist. Her jewelry designs have been worn by Barbara Bush and Margaret Thatcher. During the early 2000s, Allen was an international fugitive along with her husband, fleeing securities fraud charges. In 2002 or 2003, she was sentenced to prison and subsequently released in 2009. Since then, Allen has been an activist for prison reform and was hosted by President Obama for his State of the Union address in 2016 which addressed mass incarceration rates.
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), former union of garment and apparel workers in the United States and Canada. It was formed in 1976 by the merger of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA), a large union representing workers in the men’s clothing industry, with the Textile Workers Union of America, a smaller union founded in 1939. The ACWA was originally formed when militant elements within the United Garment Workers, a relatively conservative union, broke away in 1914 to form their own union under the leadership of Sidney Hillman (q.v.). He became president of the new union and held that office until his death in 1946. Under Hillman’s leadership the ACWA became the most important and successful of the clothing unions. It secured great improvements and benefits for its members, including cooperative housing, banks, and insurance programs. In 1933 the ACWA was admitted into the American Federation of Labor, but it withdrew to become a founding member of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935.
The merger of the ACWA with the Textile Workers Union of America in 1976 produced a new union, the ACTWU, which had a membership of about 500,000. Over the next two decades the ACTWU’s membership shrank along with employment in the American apparel industry, and in 1995 the ACTWU merged with the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE), with a total membership of about 350,000.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) was founded in 1914 in revolt against the established men's clothing workers union. It went on to become one of the most important and powerful industrial unions in American history. The ACWA arose out of a need among workers in the men's clothing trade for an organization that would represent every worker in the industry, not just the minority of skilled craftsmen, whose numbers were decreasing as clothing production became increasingly segmented and de-skilled in the late nineteenth century.
The first successful union of men's clothing workers was the United Garment Workers (UGW), founded in 1891 by immigrant workers who chose native-born craftsmen to head the union. Within a couple of decades, this effort at acceptability backfired as the UGW's leadership became increasingly distant from the union's immigrant majority. During two of the most significant clothing workers' strikes—in New York City during 1910 and Chicago in 1911—the UGW leaders refused to support the striking workers.
The tension between the native-born overalls makers who dominated the UGW leadership and the foreign-born majority reached its height at the 1914 national convention in Nashville, Tennessee. The urban immigrant delegates who made it there were denied seating on trumped-up charges of unpaid dues. So those delegates bolted the convention and at a nearby hotel convened themselves as the "true" United Garment Workers. After the new organization was forced to surrender its claim to the UGW name by court order, the new union adopted the name Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America at a subsequent convention. Sidney Hillman, a Chicago clothing worker, became the ACWA's first president. Although denied recognition by the American Federation of Labor (AFL), its numbers quickly swelled to 177,000 clothing workers by 1920.
During World War I, the ACWA maintained and even improved wages, hours, and working conditions. By 1917, it had established the forty-eight hour week in the nation's two biggest centers of clothing manufacturing—New York City and Chicago. During the 1920s, however, the union had to struggle to stay alive in the face of depression and red scare without and organized crime infiltration and racketeering within. During the Great Depression of the 1930s the ACWA was finally admitted into the AFL, but because of continuing differences within the federation over whether to organize by industry or craft, the ACWA joined the new Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) (later the Congress of Industrial Organizations) as a charter member in 1935. The ACWA also shored up its political respectability when Hillman, as president of the ACWA, served on the advisory board of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) during its brief existence from 1933 to 1935. As the ACWA grew in numbers between the 1920s and the 1950s, it also expanded its scope, pioneering social welfare programs for its members that included health insurance, a health center, banks, and even a housing cooperative. As a result of plant closings and declining memberships, in 1976 the ACWA merged with the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA) to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU). Then, in 1995, ACTWU merged with the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees (UNITE!).
American Academy of Dramatic Arts was founded by Franklin Haven Sargent in 1884. The Lyceum Theatre in Manhattan was the school's home until 1963 when the campus moved to its present location on Madison Avenue in Midtown Manhattan.
Originally the Southern Garment Manufacturers Association, the American Apparel manufacturers Association was founded in 1933. The firm was renamed in 1960 to reflect representing of the nation's apparel manufacturers. In August 2000, the firm was renamed once again as the American Apparel & Footwear Association.
The American Association of University Professors is a non-profit membership association of faculty and other academic professionals. It was founded in 1915 and focuses on shaping American higher education by developing the standards and procedures that maintain quality in education and academic freedom in American colleges and universities.
The American Institute of Architects (AIA) was founded in 1857 and is headquartered in Washington, DC.
The American Marketing Association is a professional association for marketing professionals.
American Tourister was founded by Sol Koffler in 1933 in Providence, Rhode Island. The company continues to sell luggage and other bags.
Hardy Amies (1909-2003) was an English fashion designer. From 1952 to 1989, Aimes served as official dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth II. Aimes's fashion house was known for its classic, tailored post-war designs.
Danish author, fairy tale writer, and poet.
Oswald de Andrade was born José Oswald De Sousa Andrade on January 11, 1890, in São Paulo, Brazil. The young Andrade traveled throughout Europe with his family. It was on these trips that he became familiar with the European avant-gardes of the early 20th Century. Although receiving a law degree in 1919, Andrade made it his life mission to introduce modern art to Brazil. In 1922, he and Mário de Andrade (no relation) organized the Week of Modern Art in São Paulo. Three years later, Oswald de Andrade published Pau-Brasil, a manifesto of sorts that called for Brazilians to reject the colonial culture and recognize Brazil's native heritage. Andrade's greatest contribution to Latin American Modernism was the Antropofagia (“Cannibalism”) literary movement. Throughout the 1920s and early 1930s, Andrade's political beliefs became more and more radical, and in 1931, he joined the Communist Party. Although he left the party in 1945, he remained politically active until his death on October 22, 1954.
André Studios was a sketch, or croquis, subscription service for garment industry professionals, located at 570 Seventh Avenue in New York City. The company was founded by designer Pearl Levy (Pearl Alexander Lipman) and her business partner, salesman Leonard Schwartzbach, sometime during the year 1930. André Studios was one of the many design services which relied heavily on copying and adapting existing models in order to supply a sufficient, up-to-date product to their customers.
Zuleika Angel Jones, better known as Zuzu Angel, was a Brazilian-American fashion designer.
Anglo Fabrics Company, Inc. was founded in 1939 by brothers Leo and Paul Honig. The firm produced high-fashion wool and wool-blend textiles. In 1965, the firm teamed up with Helena Rubenstein to create a line of colored fabrics that will match with Rubenstein's makeup products.
Anne Alison Anka was an Egyptian-born model represented by Ford Models. She married singer Paul Anka in 1960; the couple divorced in 1999.
John Anthony was born in 1942 in Queens, NY. In 1959, he graduated from FIT and started his own firm on Seventh Avenue in New York City in 1971. John Anthony won a COTY award in 1972 for womenswear design and his clients included Lena Horne, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Betty Ford and Julie Andrews.
Mary Anthony was the founder and director of the Mary Anthony Dance Theater in New York City. Born in Newport, Kentucky on November 11, 1916, Anthony moved to New York City in the early 1940s to pursue a career in dance. In the late 1940s, Anthony studied at the Martha Graham School. In 1954, Anthony opened her own studio, the Mary Anthony Dance Studio. She founded her dance theater two years later. Mary Anthony continued to teach dance until her death at the age of 97 in 2014.
Maria Antonelli was born in 1903, in Siena, Italy. She began her career in 1932. She founded her atelier in 1951. That same year, she was part of a group of designers who showed in a fashion show produced by Giovanni Battista Giorgini in Florence. The show was meant to demonstrate the strength of the Italian fashion industry. Maria Antonelli passed away on August 22, 1969 at the age of 66.
Gradina Aprile was an Italian weaver and quill winder who specialized in jacquard patterns with silk.
Morris Aranoff is the founder of Lady Lynne Lingerie, Inc. He founded the company in 1923 after getting his start in the lingerie industry at Sussberg and Feinberg.
Stephen Aranoff was the president of lingerie company, Lady Lynne, Inc. and the son of the company's founder, Morris Aranoff. He started working on and off at his father's company in 1953 while he went to university at Brown, and began working permanently in 1957.
Joanne Arbuckle is deputy to the president for Industry Partnerships and Collaborative Programs at the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT). As the liaison between the president, the college, and outside organizations, she develops and expands partnerships and collaborations nationally and globally for the college. She works closely with the executive director of the FIT/Infor Design and Tech Lab to integrate the work of the lab with the schools and other divisions of the college. Arbuckle co-chairs President Brown’s Workforce of the Future Committee and served on the Workforce Development advisory Board of AFFOA. Her experience as a creative director, business owner, educator, and higher education administrator, provides her with a comprehensive background in the development and implementation of educational programs.
Arbuckle served as dean of the School of Art and Design for over a decade. The school enrolls 4,000 students, has a faculty of 537 full-time and adjunct professors and instructors, and offers 17 majors. As dean, she was responsible for all school operations, departmental development, special programs, fundraising, student enrichment initiatives, and faculty recruitment. She was a member of the Board of Directors of the National Association of Schools of Art & Design and served the association as a visiting evaluator on accreditation.
She became an associate professor in 2002 and a full professor in 2006. In 2003, she was awarded the State University of New York Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching.
An industry professional with more than 30 years of experience, Arbuckle worked as a designer and merchandiser before becoming president of the fashion-industry consulting firm Design Integrity. She has served as a consultant and industry expert witness for law firms on matters concerning the industry, and has participated in interviews for numerous media reports on subjects pertaining to fashion and fashion education.
Arbuckle co-authored the book Historical Dictionary of Fashion and contributed to the Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion.
She earned her Master of Arts in educational administration in higher education from New York University, her Bachelor of Science in fashion design at the State University of New York Empire State College, and her Associate in Applied Science in fashion design at FIT.
Archigram was an avante-garde group of British architects active between 1961-1974. The members included Peter Cook, Dennis Crompton, Ron Herron, Warren Chalk, Dennis Crompton, David Greene, and Michael Webb. Archigram first exhibited their work "LIVING CITY" in London in 1963. The collective's name comes from ARCHItecture and teleGRAM.