- Corporate body
Akris is a Swiss fashion house specializing in luxury goods for women.
Akris is a Swiss fashion house specializing in luxury goods for women.
Azzedine Alaïa was born in Tunis, Tunisia on February 26th, 1935. The son of a Tunisian wheat farmer, Alaïa was accustomed to working hard. His twin sister Hafida taught him how to sew as a way to make some extra money. Alaïa spent much of his youth reading fashion magazines from Paris. He studied sculpture at the École des Beaux Arts in Tunis before moving to Paris in 1957. Christian Dior hired him but the job lasted only five days; Alaïa's paperwork was not in order. Two aristocrat women took him under their wing, hiring the young designer as an au pair. Alaïa slowly accumulated customers, including Greta Garbo and novelist Louise de Vilmorin. The dancers at the Crazy Horse cabaret taught him the art of revealing the right amount of skin. While working at the houses of Guy Laroche and Thierry Mugler, Alaïa perfected his couture art, visiting textiles factories to research fabrics and spending his free time working with his private customers. In 1979, Alaïa opened his own house. The timing could not have been better as the designer's powerful and seductive garments were perfect for the 1980s. Throughout the decade, countless celebrities chose to wear his garments. Alaïa was unwilling to play by the rules, and by the mid-90s, he was not showing in accord with the set fashion schedule. He had private clients who kept him in business through the rest of the decade. In 2000, Prada acquired a stake of his company but seven years later, Alaïa bought it back to sell to the Richemont group. His one condition in the transaction was that he would work on his own pace. Alaïa showed collections sporadically throughout the 2000's and 2010's. His last collection was in July of 2017. Four months later, Azzedine Alaïa passed away.
In 1951, Alberto & Roy published what is considered the first trend forecasting book. The company is still in the business of trend forecasting.
Larry Aldrich was born in 1906 to Russian immigrant parents in New York. In 1924, he attended Columbia college to earn a law degree but decided to pursue fashion after a summer job in the garment district. Aldrich opened his first fashion firm in 1927 but his name did not appear on the clothing label until the 1940s. He stayed in business until 1966 when he sold his business. After retiring, he focused solely on art collecting, a hobby of his since 1937. Aldrich founded the Aldrich Museum for Contemporary Art in Ridgefield, CT. in 1967. Aldrich died in 2001 at the age of 95. During his career in fashion, Aldrich acted as president of the New York Couture Group.
Dr. Fernando Aleu was born in Spain. He moved from Spain to the University of Iowa. While working at NYU in the neurology department, he and his business partner started a company called Compar. His business was created in November, 1969 as a way to distribute the products of Paco Rabanne, a friend and designer. Since then, the compnay has made many other agreements with designers, such as Carolina Herrera. In 1970, a fragrance his company produced, Calantra, was a potential nominee at the Fragrance Foundation's award ceremony. This was Aleu's first interaction with the Fragrance Foundation and Annette Green. Around 1976, he was offered as position as president of the Fragrance Foundation, partially due to his relative neutrality in judging other's fragrances. He was president for about 14 years, although stepped down for a period of time early in his presidency. He later held the position as the president of the Fragrance Foundation Research Fund.
Pearl Levy studied at Cooper Union and the Traphagan School. At the age of twelve she sold her first designs to children’s wear manufacturer Joseph Love, and at seventeen she started her own business. Prior to striking out on her own, Levy was employed as a designer by coat manufacturer Rubin Endler, Inc. In 1930, Levy married Albert Louis “A. L.” Alexander, a police reporter-turned-radio announcer. After her marriage, Levy became known, both personally and professionally, as Pearl Levy Alexander, Pearl L. Alexander, and Pearl Alexander. She eventually married a second time, and by the early 1960s was known as Mrs. Pearl Lipman.
Victor Alfaro is a Mexican fashion designer based in New York City. His collection is sold under the VICTOR ALFARO label, and his company’s ready-to-wear collection is available at luxury retailers such as Barneys New York, The Room, Lane Crawford, Net-a-Porter and several boutiques throughout the U.S. Alfaro also designs a home furnishings collection under the CASA by Victor Alfaro brand, sold exclusively at The Bon-Ton Stores.
Alfaro came to the U.S. in 1981 from Mexico and graduated from the Fashion Institute of Technology in 1987. Since the inception of his company, he has been honored with numerous industry accolades and awards recognizing his talent, including the Perry Ellis Award for New Fashion Talent at the 1995 CFDA Fashion Awards.
Alias was a television show starring Jennifer Garner. It ran on the ABC network from 2001 to 2006.
Linda Allard (born Linda Marie on May 27, 1940 in Akron, Ohio) was a fashion designer known for her work at Ellen Tracy. She was a graduate of Kent State University. From 1964 to today, Allard designed sportswear for the Ellen Tracy brand. In 1984, Allard's name was added to the Ellen Tracy label. Allard married Herbert Gallen, the company's founder and chairman, in March, 2000. Allard has acted as a design critic for students at the Fashion Institute of Technology.
Sue Ellen Allen was an American jewelry designer.
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), former union of garment and apparel workers in the United States and Canada. It was formed in 1976 by the merger of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA), a large union representing workers in the men’s clothing industry, with the Textile Workers Union of America, a smaller union founded in 1939. The ACWA was originally formed when militant elements within the United Garment Workers, a relatively conservative union, broke away in 1914 to form their own union under the leadership of Sidney Hillman (q.v.). He became president of the new union and held that office until his death in 1946. Under Hillman’s leadership the ACWA became the most important and successful of the clothing unions. It secured great improvements and benefits for its members, including cooperative housing, banks, and insurance programs. In 1933 the ACWA was admitted into the American Federation of Labor, but it withdrew to become a founding member of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935.
The merger of the ACWA with the Textile Workers Union of America in 1976 produced a new union, the ACTWU, which had a membership of about 500,000. Over the next two decades the ACTWU’s membership shrank along with employment in the American apparel industry, and in 1995 the ACTWU merged with the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE), with a total membership of about 350,000.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) was founded in 1914 in revolt against the established men's clothing workers union. It went on to become one of the most important and powerful industrial unions in American history. The ACWA arose out of a need among workers in the men's clothing trade for an organization that would represent every worker in the industry, not just the minority of skilled craftsmen, whose numbers were decreasing as clothing production became increasingly segmented and de-skilled in the late nineteenth century.
The first successful union of men's clothing workers was the United Garment Workers (UGW), founded in 1891 by immigrant workers who chose native-born craftsmen to head the union. Within a couple of decades, this effort at acceptability backfired as the UGW's leadership became increasingly distant from the union's immigrant majority. During two of the most significant clothing workers' strikes—in New York City during 1910 and Chicago in 1911—the UGW leaders refused to support the striking workers.
The tension between the native-born overalls makers who dominated the UGW leadership and the foreign-born majority reached its height at the 1914 national convention in Nashville, Tennessee. The urban immigrant delegates who made it there were denied seating on trumped-up charges of unpaid dues. So those delegates bolted the convention and at a nearby hotel convened themselves as the "true" United Garment Workers. After the new organization was forced to surrender its claim to the UGW name by court order, the new union adopted the name Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America at a subsequent convention. Sidney Hillman, a Chicago clothing worker, became the ACWA's first president. Although denied recognition by the American Federation of Labor (AFL), its numbers quickly swelled to 177,000 clothing workers by 1920.
During World War I, the ACWA maintained and even improved wages, hours, and working conditions. By 1917, it had established the forty-eight hour week in the nation's two biggest centers of clothing manufacturing—New York City and Chicago. During the 1920s, however, the union had to struggle to stay alive in the face of depression and red scare without and organized crime infiltration and racketeering within. During the Great Depression of the 1930s the ACWA was finally admitted into the AFL, but because of continuing differences within the federation over whether to organize by industry or craft, the ACWA joined the new Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) (later the Congress of Industrial Organizations) as a charter member in 1935. The ACWA also shored up its political respectability when Hillman, as president of the ACWA, served on the advisory board of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) during its brief existence from 1933 to 1935. As the ACWA grew in numbers between the 1920s and the 1950s, it also expanded its scope, pioneering social welfare programs for its members that included health insurance, a health center, banks, and even a housing cooperative. As a result of plant closings and declining memberships, in 1976 the ACWA merged with the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA) to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU). Then, in 1995, ACTWU merged with the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees (UNITE!).
American Academy of Dramatic Arts was founded by Franklin Haven Sargent in 1884. The Lyceum Theatre in Manhattan was the school's home until 1963 when the campus moved to its present location on Madison Avenue in Midtown Manhattan.
Originally the Southern Garment Manufacturers Association, the American Apparel manufacturers Association was founded in 1933. The firm was renamed in 1960 to reflect representing of the nation's apparel manufacturers. In August 2000, the firm was renamed once again as the American Apparel & Footwear Association.
The American Association of University Professors is a non-profit membership association of faculty and other academic professionals. It was founded in 1915 and focuses on shaping American higher education by developing the standards and procedures that maintain quality in education and academic freedom in American colleges and universities.
The American Institute of Architects (AIA) was founded in 1857 and is headquartered in Washington, DC.
The American Marketing Association is a professional association for marketing professionals.
American Tourister was founded by Sol Koffler in 1933 in Providence, Rhode Island. The company continues to sell luggage and other bags.
Hardy Amies (1909-2003) was an English fashion designer. From 1952 to 1989, Aimes served as official dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth II. Aimes's fashion house was known for its classic, tailored post-war designs.