Showing 1764 results

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Arden, Elizabeth, 1878-1966
US.20200321.022 · Person · 1878-1966

Florence Nightingale Graham, who went by the business name Elizabeth Arden, was a Canadian American businesswoman who founded what is now Elizabeth Arden, Inc., and built a cosmetics empire in the United States.

Aris Glove Company
US.20200118.008 · Corporate body · 1910-

The Aris Glove Company, a European maker of fine leather gloves and knit accessories, was founded in 1910. The company moved to the United States and in the early 1970s, created a unique glove made from a nylon/spandex fabric with leather trim. Recognizing the glove’s unique 4-way stretch and massaging properties, Aris named the glove isotoner by combining the words “isometric” and “toning.” The isotoner glove was a major success with a name so recognizable that Aris adopted it and became ARIS Isotoner, Inc.

In 1997 the Totes Corporation merged with Aris Isotoner forming the Totes Isotoner Corporation.

Armani, Giorgio
US.20200201.013 · Person · 1934-

Italian fashion designer. Armani was dubbed the ‘Sexy Tailor’ by the American fashion press for sartorial innovations he introduced in menswear. He brought sensual drape to traditional suit coats by eliminating rigid interlinings that had shaped and restricted men’s clothing in the 1970s. To complement his new softly-tailored coats, he created short, supple, collared shirts and textural, patterned ties. Armani’s impact on menswear went beyond unstructured sewing techniques to include a serene color palette inspired by the Italian artist Giorgio Morandi. The neutral earth tones included an inventive grey–beige (‘greige’), moss, mushroom and smoky grey–blue, tones not seen before in menswear. Armani claimed to be ‘the stylist without color’. Armani also brought a feminine touch to menswear and eventually expanded his design aesthetic to women’s clothing, bringing a powerful look to women’s fashion. His minimal modernism in cut and fit, while retaining maximum impact in silhouette and color, stimulated the fashion imagination of Hollywood, retailers, journalists and customers of both sexes.

Love of stage and cinema inspired Armani throughout his career, proving to be the catalyst to his future international recognition. After studying medicine, he completed his military service in the Army infirmary but sought civilian work more compatible with his temperament. In 1957 Armani went to work at La Rinascente, Milan, Italy’s most important fashion store, where his innovative visual merchandising skills earned him a promotion to their style office. Armani travelled extensively to select unique products for the store. He attracted the attention of Nino Cerutti (b 1930), an Italian textile and clothing manufacturer known for textured fabrics and sophisticated use of color. Armani was hired to design a ready-to-wear wholesale men’s line: Hitman. With a strong sense of style, color, packaging and promotion, but no formal training, Armani succeeded at Hitman for eight years.

Armani’s career shifted to entrepreneur and designer when he met Sergio Galeotti, his business and life partner, in the late 1960s. Both men launched the label Giorgio Armani, SpA on 24 July 1975. Armani was among a group of new Italian designers featured at Barney’s, New York in 1976. He also began cultivating contacts in Hollywood; his involvement in the 1980 film American Gigolo was a significant factor in launching Armani’s fame in a global fashion market. Acknowledging Milan as the chicest place for menswear, Paul Schrader, director of American Gigolo, selected Armani to outfit Richard Gere in his role as the urbane paid escort, Julian Kaye. Critics praised the exciting and original wardrobe of the star of the film, and enthusiasts could concurrently purchase the clothing they had just seen on screen in retail stores. Through this film, Armani’s popularity in the US was established, and afterwards, Saks Fifth Avenue premièred his first collection designed expressly for America. Armani was also the first designer to open an office in Los Angeles expressly to increase his celebrity clientele and his presence at the prestigious Academy Award ceremonies.

Recognizing the importance of the feminist movement, Armani drew inspiration from his mother’s simple, dignified style and his sister Rosanna’s penchant for wearing men’s jackets. Crossing gender boundaries, he used his signature minimalist tailoring techniques, softer textiles and earthy colors to create women’s ‘power suits’ that were also feminine. In 1979 Armani received the distinguished Neiman Marcus Fashion Award for interpreting his catwalk aesthetic for mass consumers worldwide. Hollywood’s most admired leading ladies also chose Armani for red carpet galas, making both his gowns and tuxedos the most sought-after (see fig.).

After the death of Sergio Galeotti in 1985, Armani assumed control of his business, expanding the Armani imprint into a comprehensive lifestyle aesthetic, from spectacles to home furnishings. As an astute and democratic businessman, Armani expanded his brand by launching diffusion lines: Emporio Armani for clothing at a level below couture and A/X for designer denim and casual T-shirts; both offered status dressing to a mass audience. In 2000, Armani’s achievement was recognized with a retrospective exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. One of the most successful global enterprises, Giorgio Armani is a privately held and owner-managed business. Armani’s goal was ‘to find a way to make and wear clothes for a time that was less formal but that still yearned for style’ (exh. cat., p. 254) and he has succeeded in artfully capturing the essence of late 20th and early 21st century clothing desires.

Arnold, Rebecca
US.20220325.033 · Person · 1968 or 1969-

Rebecca Arnold was educated at King’s College, London (BA Hons History, 1990), The Courtauld Institute of Art (MA History of Dress, 1993) and University College London (PhD, 2006). Before joining The Courtauld Institute of Art in 2009 as a Senior Lecturer in History of Dress & Textiles, she was a Research Fellow and Lecturer in the History of Design Department at the Royal College of Art and a Visiting Fellow at the Victoria and Albert Museum. In 2006, she was the first Guest Professor at the Centre for Fashion Studies at Stockholm University. In 2001, she set up and ran the BA (Hons) Fashion History and Theory at Central Saint Martin’s College of Art and Design.

Her current book project, Documenting Fashion: Modernity and Image in America, 1920-60 considers dress in relation to popular visual culture and through the lens of sensory theory, history of emotion, and memory studies.

US.20200118.016 · Corporate body · 1972-

The Aston Magna Foundation sponsors educational programs that bring to communities the study of music and other arts of the 17th, 18th, and early 19th centuries and organized performances at various concert halls.

Astor, Josef, 1959-
US.20210331.001 · Person · 1959-

Photographer and filmmaker.

US.20230521.001 · [non-DACS actor] · 1838-

Founded in 1838 and revamped almost completely by Aristide Boucicaut in 1852, it was one of the first modern department stores. It was a member of the International Association of Department Stores from 1986 to 2011. Now the property of LVMH, it sells a wide range of high-end goods, including food in an adjacent building at 38, rue de Sèvres, called La Grande Épicerie de Paris.

Autry, Gene, 1907-1998
US.20180702.003 · Person · 1907-1998

Orvon Gene Autry was born on September 29th, 1907 in Tioga, Texas. His father was a cattle buyer, farmer, and preacher. Autry learned how to ride horses and play the guitar at a young age. Late in his teens, Autry worked as a telegrapher. His interest in show business began one night while working in Chelsea, Oklahoma. The actor Will Rogers came in to the depot Autry was working in, saw the guitar near the young man, and asked him to play. After hearing Autry, Rogers encouraged him to try to find work on the radio. After being turned down for work in New York, Autry got his first job in radio at a radio station in Tulsa. In 1928, Autry was back in New York but this time to record a song which became successful. This got Autry a contract with Columbia Records. His film career began six years after he cut his first record. Throughout the mid- and late-1930s, Autry's star kept rising. His cowboy persona was well regarded by both kids and adults. From 1938 to 1932, he was one of the top ten box-office draws in the nation. Autry continued to record music and star in films in the 1940s and 1950s, only retiring in 1964 at the age of 57. Gene Autry is perhaps best known as the singer of the original "Rudolf the Rednosed Reindeer," the second best-selling song in history. In addition to his work in the entertainment business, Autry owned a handful of profitable properties. Gene Autry passed away on October 2nd, 1998 at the age of 91.

Avedon, Richard
US.20200404.024 · Person · 1923-2004

As one of the most prolific and celebrated fashion photographers of the 20th century, Richard Avedon seemed destined for a career in the fashion industry. Born on May 15, 1923 in New York, NY, Avedon had fashion in his blood. His father was the owner of a Manhattan clothing store while his mother's family owned a dress manufacturing business. As a young boy, he pored over fashion magazines. Avedon attended Columbia University for a year before dropping out after being hired as a photographer by Merchant Marines. Avedon left Merchant Marines in 1944 and began apprenticing under Alexey Brodovitch, the art director at Harper's Bazaar, at his Design Laboratory at The New School. At the age of 22, Avedon's work began appearing in fashion magazines, first in Junior Bazaar in 1945 then in Harper's Bazaar a year later. Avedon was soon hired as a staff photographer and soon after, was sent to Paris by Brodovitch to cover the fashion shows. Avedon began experimenting with location during his time in Paris, often bringing models to Parisian Cafes or nightclubs. One of his most remembered photographs came about in 1955 when he posed models alongside circus elephants. While displaying talent for on-site photography, Avedon prefered to shoot in his studio, where he could draw out and focus on the emotive presence of his sitters. In the mid 1960s, Avedon left Harper's Bazaar for Vogue. Avedon continued a professional relationship with Vogue into the 1980s, shooting almost all of the cover images for the magazine. During this time, Avedon continued to garner acclaim from the art world for his work. MoMA exhibited his series depicting his terminally-ill father in 1973. The Metropolitan Museum of Art hosted a retrospective of Avedon's work two years later. After leaving Vogue in 1988, Avedon continued to work in photography. In 1992, The New Yorker hired Avedon as their first staff photographer. A year later, he published his autobiography. Richard Avedon passed away on October 1, 2004 while on assignment in San Antonio, TX. He was 81 years old.

Avjard
US.20201204.015 · Corporate body
Avon Products, Inc.
US.20220408.040 · Corporate body · 1886-

Avon Products, Inc. manufactures and markets cosmetics and beauty-related products. Its product categories are Beauty, Fashion, and Home. The Beauty category consists of color cosmetics, fragrances, skincare, and personal care. The Fashion category consists of fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, footwear, accessories and children’s products. The Home category consists of gift and decorative products, housewares, entertainment and leisure products, and nutritional products. The company operates through five geographical segments: Latin America; North America; Central & Eastern Europe; Western Europe, Middle East & Africa, and Asia Pacific. Avon Products was founded by David H. McConnell in 1886 and is headquartered in New York, NY.“

Axell, Jane
US.20220318.083 · Person
Axelrod, Norman
US.20181109-006 · Person

Norman Axelrod had been at Bloomingdale's for eleven years, and was the Senior Vice President and General Merchandise Manager at the time of this interview. Axelrod started in the summer of 1976 as a retail trainee and continued to work at Bloomingdale's into 1987, at which point he became the president and CEO of Linens 'n Things in 1988.

B. Altman & Co.
US.20200404.026 · Corporate body · 1865-1990

The B. Altman Company was founded by Benjamin Altman in 1865 at 10th St. and 3rd Avenue in Manhattan's East Village and in the early 1870s, the retail establishment relocated to Ladies' Mile. As the department store steadily grew into one of New York's leading retailers, a larger premises was planned, opening in 1877 at 301 6th Ave between 18th and 19th Streets. In 1904, the New York Evening Sun described the Altman’s Sixth Avenue establishment as “one of the greatest stores in the world … a Bon Marché of the New World.” In 1906, the store relocated once again to a larger premises on Fifth Ave and 34th St. which was dubbed the "Palace of Trade...the store was organized literally by departments: women’s, men’s, and children’s clothing, lingerie, maids’ uniforms, linens, fine lace, and even art objects and rare books and manuscripts, all under one roof." Customer's flocked to the Fifth Avenue location, making B. Altman a pioneer on the development of the Fifth Avenue retail scene.

Upon the death of Benjamin Altman in 1913, the store was operated by his philanthropic organization, the Altman Foundation. However in 1986, the New York state tax code changed, making it illegal for a charitable organization to own a for-profit endeavor which funded it. Sold to other business entities, the company floundered, filing for bankruptcy in 1989 and shuttering its doors in 1990. The B. Altman Building located on Fifth Avenue was granted landmark status by New York City in 1985 and now houses the CUNY Graduate Center and for a brief period was home to NYPL's SIBL Library.

Babani, Vitaldi
US.20180702.113 · Person

Vitaldi Babani was born in the Middle East but worked primarily in France. Babani's sold and designed goods that were inspired by his Middle-Eastern heritage. When designers like Paul Poiret began appropriating the Middle East aesthetic, Babani's store had already been in business for over two decades. Babani was one of the first stores to sell Fortuny's revolutionary designs. Shortly after showing Fortuny's garments, Babani began designing their own clothes for the store. Babani perfume was sold through Elizabeth Arden in the U.S.

Bacall, Lauren, 1924-2014
US.20200321.008 · Person · 1924-2014

Lauren Bacall was an acclaimed actress, working in Hollywood for over half a century. Born Betty Joan Perske in the Bronx, New York in 1924, Bacall took the Romanian form of her mother's last name when her parents divorced in 1930. Bacall attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, modeling on the side to pay for classes. In 1943, at the age of 18, Bacall found herself on the cover of Harper's Bazaar. The cover caught the attention of Slim Hawks, wife of the Hollywood producer Howard Hawks, who persuaded her husband to bring the young model to Hollywood for a screen test. During the test, Hawks instructed Bacall to speak in a lower register, which became Bacall's signature. Hawks cast Bacall in To Have and To Have Not in 1944. The film became a massive success and helped propel Bacall to stardom. On the set of that film, she met her future husband, Humphrey Bogart. The two married within a year of meeting and would remain so until Bogart's death in 1957. In addition to To Have and To Have Not, the couple starred in three other films together between 1946 and 1948. Bacall would continue her career in Hollywood throughout the 20th and early 21st century. The actress also worked on Broadway, winning a Tony Award in 1970 for her performance in Applause. Lauren Bacall passed away on August 12, 2014 at the age of 89.

Bacall was the subject of the exhibition Lauren Bacall: The Look at The Museum at FIT from March 3-April 4, 2015.

Bader, Irving
US.20200328.014 · Person · 1915-1996

Irving Bader, and his brother Nat, ran Originala, a high-end Seventh Avenue suit and coat house, founded by their father Louis Bader. The company went public in 1961.

Bader, Louis
US.20211023.002 · Person

Founder of Originala, Inc.

Bader, Nat
US.20200328.015 · Person · 1907-2000

Nat Bader, and his brother Irving, ran Originala, a high-end Seventh Avenue suit and coat house, founded by their father Louis Bader. The company went public in 1961.

Badgley Mischka (Firm)
US.20200804.019 · Corporate body

Badgley Mischka is an American fashion house launched by Mark Badgley and James Mischka. After meeting in fashion school at Parson's School of Design, the duo cut their teeth under iconic American labels, Mark at Donna Karen and James under Willi Smith. Joining forces in 1988, James says of their vision, "Our style harks back to the glamorous Hollywood of the Forties. The Badgley Mischka signature style is simple, streamlined and thoroughly elegant.”

Formerly owned by Escada, the brand is now the property of Iconix Brand Group.

Baghsarian, Arsho
US.20181012-011 · Person

Arsho Baghsarian was born in Turkey to Armenian parents and immigrated to the United States in 1957, during her teen years, eager to study design. She would receive her Bachelor of Fine Arts degree with honors in fashion design From the Pratt Institute in New York in 1962.
That same year, after she competed in a competition for best student fashion design among the top ten fashion students in the country and received the prestigious annual N.Y. Fashion Designer Celanese Award, Baghsarian briefly designed sportswear on 7th Avenue. However, a phone call from former professor Laura Tosato Busgang was the catalyst that caused the young woman, who during adolescence had cut out and laced cardboard soles with bright ribbons, to begin what would become a successful career spanning more than forty-five years in the footwear industry. The phone call concerned a position with Genesco that was designed to reinvigorate it Christian Dior, a position Baghsarian gladly accepted in 1963. Six months later the Christian Dior division of Genesco merged with I Miller, another division of Genesco. Baghsarian took over design for the new label until 1969. Before leaving the label and pursuing other projects within the footwear industry, Baghsarian received the Pellon Award, as well as won the Leather Industries of America’s American Shoe Designer Award in the women’s best footwear category in 1968.
From 1969 to 1971, Baghsarian designed for Andrew Geller’s Etcetera & Adlib lines. After she teamed up with Jerry Miller and helped design his Margaret Jerrold and Shoe Biz lines. (Jerry Miller’s grandfather founded I. Miller, which he worked for until I. Miller was bought by Genesco and he started his own line.) She credits her fifteen years at the company as having a huge influence on her career years at the company run by Jerry Miller—credits him as having huge influence on her career since Miller’s Margaret Jerrold, Shoe Strings and Shoe Biz lines had her creating footwear in factories around the world from Spain to Italy to France and even becoming the first company to make fashion sandals at a price in mainland China. Miller was so impressed by Arsho’s work he created the Arsho for Shoe Biz label. The title of the line was fitting for a designer who did not remain behind the scenes and preferred instead to present her designs at trunk shows, such as at Lord & Taylor and Bonwit Teller and be on a first-name basis with customers.
In 1986 until 2008, Baghsarian designed for Stuart Weitzman & Company. During this time she also designed a couture line under the Arsho label, however, her talent led to Weitzman awarding her the label Arsho for Stuart Weitzman. She became the first full-time designer he collaborated with on his collection, which was not limited to casual stretch shoes, thongs, sneakers, mules, clogs, fur and mouton boots, bridal shoes and evening footwear complete with with pave stones and jeweled architectural heels. Within the company, Baghsarian was able to fully express her creativity, whether displaying her affinity for whimsical designs or her taste for glamor.
In January 2008, Baghsarian retired from the footwear industry and was inducted into Footwear News Hall of Fame. She now divides her time between Manhattan and Southhampton with her husband of more than forty years, fashion photographer and sculptor Avedis Baghsarian. Despite her retirement, she admits she will never stop designing.

Bailey, Glenda
US.20220318.086 · Person · 1958 November 16-

Glenda Bailey was born in Derby, England and after enduring childhood polio, she studied fashion design at Kingston University. In 1988, she was appointment the editor of a the newly launched UK edition of Marie Claire, where she served in this capacity until 1996 when she was appointed editor-in-chief of Marie Claire US. In 2001, Bailey left Marie Claire to become the editor-in-chief of Harper's Bazaar, a role she held until January of 2020.

In 2012, Bailey received the Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres from the French government and in 2019, was made a Dame Commander of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II.

Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975
US.20180702.010 · Person · 1906-1975

The dancer, actress, and activist Josephine Baker was born on June 3, 1906 in St. Louis, Missouri. At the age of 18, she left America and her turbulent childhood behind for Europe. She settled in Paris, quickly becoming the toast of the town after starring in "La Revue Nègre." After a year starring in the revue, Baker became a headline attraction at the Follies Bergère. It was at this famous club that Baker debuted her now-famous banana skirt. Thanks to her success in Paris, Baker was able to perform throughout Europe. The entertainer continued to perform in Parisian revues throughout the 1920s and 1930s. During this time, Baker began acting in movies, becoming one of the first black woman to star in a major motion picture. Her first speaking role was in 1934's Zouzou. In 1936, Baker returned to the U.S. and performed on Broadway in the "Ziegfeld Follies." After appearing on the New York stage, she traveled the U.S. in her own show. Baker returned to Paris, however, and became a French citizen in 1937. During WWII, Baker worked as an intelligence agent, ambulance driver, and entertainer for French troops in North Africa. She was awarded the French Legion of Honor for her service. In the 1950s, Baker began adopting children of different backgrounds. Her and her "rainbow tribe," as she referred to them, lived in Southwestern France. In 1958, she returned to the Parisian stage in an auto-biographical show titled "Paris Mes Amours." Josephine Baker died on April 12, 1975 at the age of 68. Her legacy lives on to this day. Many contemporary fashion designers name her as inspiration for their collections.

Bakst, Léon, 1866-1924
US.20210820.006 · Person · 1866-1924

The Russian painter and costumer Léon Bakst is best known for his spectacular sets and costumes for the Ballets Russes, the famous Russian dance troupe that took Paris by storm in the early 20th century. Bakst's vast knowledge of history and world cultures combined with his brilliant understanding of the decorative effect of color to create delightful theatrical masterpieces that captured the era's zeitgeist.

Balaban, Howard
US.20220318.084 · Person

Howard Balaban was a model with Ford Models during the 1980s.

Baldwin, Alec, 1958-
US.20200715.001 · Person · 1958-

Alec Baldwin (born Alexander Rae Baldwin III on April 3, 1958 in Massapequa, New York) is an American stage, T.V. and film actor. He is the oldest of four brothers, all of whom are actors. He is probably best known for his portrayal of Jack Donaghy on 30 Rock (2006-2013).

Baldwin, Jim
US.20200404.027 · Person · active 1970s

American fashion designer.

Balenciaga (Firm)
US.20180927-008 · Corporate body · 1919 (date of establishment)

The house of Balenciaga was founded in 1937 by the Basque-born Spanish couturier Cristóbal Balenciaga, who fled his country amid the tensions of the Spanish Civil War. The house quickly rose to prominence as a leading French couture house, known for its sculptural creations and innovative silhouettes. Balenciaga sat at the helm of the house until his retirement in 1968. The house of Balenciaga was revived in 1986 under the creative direction of Michel Goma, followed by Josephus Thimister and notably Nicolas Ghesquière in 1997. In 2012, Alexander Wang replaced Ghesquière until 2015 when Demna Gvasalia was tapped as the house's new creative director.

US.20180927-004 · Person · 1895-1972

Cristóbal Balenciaga (1895-1972) was a Basque-born Spanish fashion designer. Established in 1917, he was a leading couturier in Spain where he designed under his label Eisa. After moving to Paris in 1937 amid the Spanish Civil War, Balenciaga founded his eponymously named couture house which was known for its "pureness of lines, the reinterpretation of Spanish tradition and the development of innovative volumes." Fellow couturier Christian Dior called Balenciaga "the master of us all," and the designer's work was held in reverence until his retirement 1968. The house of Balenciaga remained closed until its revival in 1986 under the creative direction of Michel Goma.

Ball, Theodore H.
US.20220606.001 · Person · -1970

Theodore H. Ball was Vice President and Merchandise Manager of Accessories at Saks Fifth Avenue for 37 years until his retirement in January 1970. He passed on December 18, 1975 at age 79.

Ballard, Bettina
US.20180702.111 · Person · 1905-1961

Bettina Ballard (1905-1961) was a celebrated fashion editor at Vogue magazine. Vogue hired Ballard in 1934. Ballard first worked as a writer at the New York office but was soon sent to France to be the American resident editor because of her knowledge of French and familiarity with Paris. During the war, Ballard chose to temporary leave Vogue to serve in the Red Cross. Ballard was rehired after the war and was promoted to fashion editor. From 1946 to 1954, Ballard reported on both the U.S. and French couture shows. In addition to this, she was one of the first reporters to cover the Spanish, Italian, and Irish fashion shows. After leaving Vogue, Ballard worked as a fashion consultant and contributing writer for Town & Country magazine, until her death in 1961.

Ballerino, Louella
US.20200515.002 · Person · 1900-1978

Louella Ballerino (1900-1978) was a sportswear designer working in Los Angeles during the mid-20th century. While studying art history at the University of California, Ballerino learned design techniques from Andre Ani, a costume designer at MGM. Around this time, Ballerino sold fashion sketches to wholesale designers to earn extra cash. Around 1940, Ballerino opened her own shop in Los Angeles. Her design aesthetic was informed by the California lifestyle of leisure and comfort. The sportswear brand Jantzen hired Ballerino to design a beachwear collection. Her popularity waned in the early 1950s and she never again achieved the fame and success she had in the 1940s.

Ballets russes
US.20210820.007 · Corporate body · 1909-1929

Founded in Paris in 1909 by Russian ballet impresario Sergei Diaghilev, the avant-garde dance company employed the talents of some of the great early 20th centuries creatives including choreographers Michel Fokine and George Balanchine, dancers Anna Pavlova and Vaslav Nijinsky. Musical scores for the troupe were created by Rimsky-Korsakov, Stravinsky and Erick Satie. Artists and designers who created sets and stage costumes included Léon Bakst, Picasso, Rouault, Matisse, and Derain.

The Ballets russes dissolved as a company upon the death of its founder Diaghilev in 1929.

Balmain, Pierre, 1914-1982
US.20180927-005 · Person · 1914-1982

After working for several years alongside Christian Dior as co-designers for the house of Lucien Lelong, Pierre Balmain (1914-1982) founded his eponymously named fashion house in 1945. The House of Balmain quickly became a leader in the post-war couture world, dressing royalty and actresses including Marlene Dietrich, Katharine Hepburn, Brigitte Bardot, and Sophia Loren. Balmain remained at the helm of his house right up until his death at age 68 in 1982 and was subsequently succeeded by his long-time assistant designer Eric Mortensen.

Bamberger's
US.20201113.003 · Corporate body · 1893-1986

Bamberger's was a department store chain native to New Jersey. It was founded in Newark in 1893 by Louis Bamberger and originally named L. Bamberger & Co. In 1929, it was bought by R.H. Macy and Co. Over the decades, the chain branched out across the state, opening multiple locations. However, in 1986, Macy's made the decision to rename all Bamberger's stores as Macy's.

US.20220408.017 · Corporate body · 1978-

Banana Republic is a clothing and accessories retailer owned by the American multinational corporation Gap Inc. It was founded in 1978 by Mel and Patricia Ziegler, who originally called the company "Banana Republic Travel & Safari Clothing Company." The original concept for the company was to sell items that complement a safari and travel lifestyle. In 1983, Gap purchased the company, changed the name to "Banana Republic," and rebranded the stores.

US.20180702.008 · Person · 1902-1968

Tallulah Bankhead (1902 - 1968) was an American stage and screen actress. Known for her outrageous personality, Bankhead won acclaim from both U.S. and European audiences. She began acting in 1918, performing a bit part in a Broadway production. Although a steady stream of roles came to her during her early career, Bankhead was unsatisfied with the tepid response she received from reviewers. She left for London in 1923 and became a box office hit. She appeared in a handful of stage roles, each garnering her praise, until she left for Hollywood to star in her first film, in 1931. Unfortunately, her first few films were flops. Bankhead returned to Broadway in 1933, but could not find success. It wasn't until 1939 when Bankhead starred in The Little Foxes that she won over critics, winning a New York Drama Critics Circle award for her performance. This was to be her last major triumph on the American stage. Bankhead continued acting in films and on stage until her death in 1968.

Banks, Jeffrey
US.20200715.014 · Person · 1955-

Jeffrey Banks is a menswear designer working in New York. Banks holds a degree in Fashion Design from both Pratt Institute and Parsons School of Design. While at school, Banks worked as a design assistant to both Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren. In 1977, he launched The Jeffrey Banks Signature Menswear Collection. Banks became the design director for Merona Sport in the 1980s, reinventing the brand by introducing new colors and textiles. Since then, Banks has worked at several design firms including Haggar Clothing Company, Johnnie Walker Scotch, East Island, and Metropolitan View, establishing each as a successful company under his direction.. He has won two Coty Awards for Outstanding Menswear (1982) and men's Furs (1977). Banks has also acted as a senior board member of the Board of Trustees of the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT).

Barbier, George, 1882-1932
US.20180702.007 · Person · 1882-1932

George Barbier was one of the great French illustrators of the early 20th century. Born in Nantes, France October 10, 1882, he was a student of J.P. Laurens at the Beaux-Arts and exhibited at the Salon des Humoristes in 1910 under the name of Edouard William. The following year he began working at the gallery of Boutet de Monvel. From 1912 to his death he regularly figured into Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and was the recipient of many prizes. For the next 20 years Barbier led a group from the École des Beaux Arts whom Vogue nicknamed "The Knights of the Bracelet"—a tribute to their fashionable and flamboyant mannerisms and style of dress. Included in this élite circle were Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, Charles Martin, and his cousins Bernard Boutet de Monvel and Pierre Brissaud. He contributed to Gazette du Bon Ton, le Jardin des Dames et des Modes, Modes et Manières d'Aujourd'hui, Les Feuillets d'Art, Fémina, Vogue, and Comœdia Illustré. His career also included jewelry, glass, and wallpaper designs. Through the Max Weldy Studios he created a number of décors and costumes for the Folies Bergère and other music halls. He is credited with the costume for Rudolph Valentino in the movie Monsieur Beaucaire. In the mid 1920s he worked with Erté to design sets and costumes. In 1929 he wrote the introduction for Erté's acclaimed exhibition and achieved mainstream popularity through regular appearances in L'Illustration magazine. Barbier was also one of many artists who made a living illustrating limited "editions de luxe," intended to be collectors’ items due to their rarity and high standards of printing. Eagerly collected In France in the teens and twenties these classics and contemporary works were illustrated by leading artists of the day and often bound in lavish, specially designed bindings. Artists such as Guy Arnoux, George Barbier, Leon Benigni, Benito, Brunelleschi, Georges Lepape, Charles Martin, and Andre Marty found a lucrative demand for contributions which brought a considerable amount of prestige. The first book of this kind done by Barbier, in 1913, was an album of drawings of Nijinsky, the dancer, done in his various roles in the Ballets Russes. 1914 saw a similar album of Karsavina. Done mostly in black and white, it is in these that the similarity to Beardsley's style is most evident. After these albums, Barbier seemed to pull away from this style, using more color and less outlining to make his graphic statements. Barbier died in 1932 at the very pinnacle of his success.

One of the great French illustrators of the early 20th century, he was also a designer of theater and ballet costumes, a journalist and writer.
Barbier was born in Nantes, France and moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. There he studied alongside many of the fellow artists and illustrators later dubbed "The Knights of the Bracelet," by Vogue, which included Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, and Charles Martin. Over the course of his career, he contributed to many popular journals of the day including Gazette du bon ton, Les feuillets d'art, Fémina, Vogue, and Comoedia Illustré. He created set designs and costumes for the Folies Bergère, and worked as an illustrator for artists’ books and “editions de luxe.” Very little documentation of Barbier’s personal life survives today; he died at the pinnacle of his success at the age of 50.

Barbieri, Gian Paulo
US.20220318.087 · Person · 1938-

Gian Paulo Barbieri is an Italian fashion photographer born into a family of textile merchants and department store owners. Part of the social scene depicted in Frederico Fellini's film La Dolce Vita (1960), Barbieri worked for Harper's Bazaar and the American, French and Italian editions of Vogue. Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Valentino and Versace count among his many fashion designer clients. Barbieri's work has been featured in exhibitions of fashion photography at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London and the Fondation Cartier in Paris.

Barbizon Hotel (Barbizon 63)
US.20220318.097 · Corporate body · 1927-

The Barbizon (known since 2005 as Barbizon 63), is a building located at 140 East 63rd Street on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City. It was for many decades a female-only residential hotel for young women who came to New York City for professional opportunities.

Barentzen, Patrick de
US.20181005-007 · Person

Patrick de Barentzen was an Italian fashion designer working in the mid-20th century. His couture salon opened in 1958. In 1968, de Barentzen debuted a collection inspired by the 1940s, three years before Yves Saint Laurent would do so in Paris.

Barker, Bob, 1923-
US.20210314.53 · Person · 1923-

Robert William Barker is an American retired television game show host best know for hosting CBS's The Price Is Right from 1972 to 2007.

Barneys New York
US.20230525.005 · Corporate body · 1923-2019

Barneys New York was founded in 1923 by Barney Pressman in New York City as a men's clothing store. Barney's son, Fred, transformed the store into a luxury retail destination by introducing designers such as Hubert de Givenchy and Pierre Cardin to their customers. Barneys introduced women's clothing and accessories to their stock in the 1970s. The company filed for bankruptcy in the mid-1990s. Since then, they've undergone a series of owners. In 2019 Barneys shuttered for good, with its name being licensed by Saks Fifth Avenue.

Barr, Neal
US.20220318.088 · Person · 1932-

Neal Barr is a photographer who rose to prominence in the 1960s after working as Ray Kellman and Irving Penn's assistant. Barr opened his own photography studio in New York City in 1962 focusing on fashion and commercial advertising. Between 1966 and 1974, Barr was a contributing photographer to Harper's Bazaar and his commercial clients included Christian Dior, Halston, Bergdorf Goodman, Lord & Taylor, Bloomingdale's and various cosmetics companies. Barr is a collector of vintage fashion of the 1920s and his fashion photography is represented by Staley Wise Gallery in New York City.

Barrie, Scott, 1943-1993
US.20200404.028 · Person · 1943-1993

Born Nelson Clyde Barr, Scott Barrie was an American fashion designer known for his use of jersey. Barrie began making clothes at the age of 10 and after studying at the Philadelphia Museum College of Art, moved to New York City in 1962. After his work was picked up by Bloomingdales and Henri Bendel, Barrie opened his own showroom in 1968. A contemporary of Willi Smith and Stephen Burrows, Barrie was one of several prominent African American designers during the 1970s. In 1982, he moved to Milan and for a period of five years worked for the Italian firm Krizia. Barrie passed away in Milan at the age of 52 from brain cancer in 1993.

Barrios, Pedro
US.20180702.087 · Person · 1947

Born in Cuba circa 1947, Pedro Barrios' family fled persecution by the Castro regime in 1961 and settled in New York City where Pedro attended the High School of Art and Design and the Fashion Institute of Technology. In 1967, he joined the staff of Women's Wear Daily as a fashion illustrator before relocating to Greece, Spain, England and Italy before settling in the remote regions of the rain forest in Puerto Rico. So in demand were Barrios' services as an illustrator, WWD and department stores including Wanamakers and Stern Bros. would send merchandise and models to a neighboring town for Barrios to sketch. His success as a top fashion illustrator allowed him care for his family, purchasing a home for his mother and putting his sisters through medical and law school.

Barrows, Stanley
US.20200918.021 · Person · [1915]-1995

The Texas born Stanley Burrows was an interior design educator who taught history of interior design and decoration with an emphasis on the 17th and 18th centuries at Parsons from 1946 through 1968. He later taught at FIT starting in 1968, and acted as chair of Interior Design from 1979 until his retirement in 1985. In 1993, Barrows received an honorary doctorate in Fine Arts from Parsons.

Barrows, Sydney Biddle
US.20200804.014 · Person · 1952-

Sydney Biddle Barrows (1952 - ), a direct descendent of Mayflower passengers, operated a high-class escorting service in New York from 1979 to 1984, becoming later known as the 'Mayflower Madame.' An alumna of FIT, Barrows now works as a business consultant and writer.

Barthet, Jean
US.20210820.008 · Person · 1920–2000

Jean Barthet was a French milliner and member of the Chambre Syndicale de la Couture Parisienne. Launching his line in 1949, he provided hat for haute couturiers including Claude Montana, Karl Lagerfeld and Emanuel Ungaro.

Bass, Barbara
US.20181109-005 · Person

Barbara Bass joined Bloomingdale's in 1980 as Operating Vice President for Branch Store Merchandising and remained with the company for almost seven years. Before coming to Bloomingdale's, Bass had worked for Burdine's, another division of Bloomingdale's parent company, Federated Department Stores. In April 1985, Bass was promoted to Executive Vice President and General Merchandise Manager at Bloomingdale's. This interview takes place roughly one month before Bass was named Chairperson and CEO of San Francisco's I. Magnin & Company, another division of Federated. While she praised Bloomingdale's equal treatment of women in the workplace, her new role at I. Magnin & Co. made her the first female CEO of any of the Federated divisions.

Bauer, Bruce
US.20220318.078 · Person · 1944 July 5
Baz, Ben-Hur
US.20210820.009 · Person · 1906-2003

Born in Mexico in 1903, Ben-Hur Baz was an illustrator known for his pin-up and glamor-girl illustrations which appeared in Esquire during the 1940s and 50s. Extremely prolific, he also worked as a commercial illustrator for Pall Mall and Lucky Strike.

Beaton, Cecil, 1904-1980
US.20180702.006 · Person · 1904-1980

Sir Cecil Beaton was born in London in 1904. Beaton attended St. John's College, although he never graduated. He signed a contract with Condé Nast to supply Vogue with fashion photographs in 1930. He photographed royalty, movie stars, fashion designs, and cultural elites. His first book, The Book of Beauty, was published in 1930, followed by dozens more which became a platform for him to show off his talent for illustrating. Beaton produced costumes and sets for both stage and screen, winning three academy awards, two for Best Costume Design (Gigi in 1958 and My Fair Lady in 1964) and one for Best Art Direction (My Fair Lady in 1964). Queen Elizabeth II knighted Beaton in 1972.

Beebe, Susan
US.20200125.012 · Person

Susan Beebe was born and raised in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. She attended the Parsons School of Design in New York. Shortly after graduating in 1980, the then-23 year old designer received an order for four hand knit sweaters from both Bergdorf Goodman and another high-end New York department store. She was known for her sweaters, often in angora and always with some sort of trimming; as a student, she won the Oscar de la Renta Thimble Award for a feathered angora sweater. By 1981, Beebe had her designs in boutiques and department stores across both the country and the Atlantic. Her career seems to have stalled in the early 1980s, with no mention of her after a 1981 New York Times article.

Beene, Geoffrey
US.20200201.001 · Person · 1927-2004

American fashion designer. A modernist, Beene’s inventive geometric cuts and in-depth understanding of the human body made him one of the most innovative designers of the 20th century.

In deference to a family tradition, Beene enrolled as a pre-med student at Tulane University in 1943, despite his childhood penchant for fashion. While at Tulane, Beene was notoriously caught sketching the gowns designed by Hollywood costumer Adrian in his anatomy book. Three years later, he withdrew from Tulane University and moved to Los Angeles, where he became employed in the display department of the store I. Magnin. In 1947, he moved to New York to study at the Traphagen School of Fashion, but having concluded that the focus of postwar fashion had shifted to France, Beene transferred to Paris’s Ecole de la Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture Parisienne the following year. During his two years at that institution, he also studied life drawing at Académie Julian, and in the evenings was apprenticed to a master tailor for the couturier Edward Molyneux. As an apprentice, Beene honed his skills in construction and cut, acquiring in turn an appreciation for subtle elegance that would become a key element of his designs in the years to come.

By 1951, Beene had returned to New York. In 1952, he began his fashion career in earnest as the in-house designer for Harmay. His design talents were soon recognized by Harper’s Bazaar editor Carmel Snow, who selected one of his dresses to be featured in the magazine. In 1963, immediately following an eight-year turn with the design house Teal Traina, Beene launched his own company, Geoffrey Beene Inc., on Seventh Avenue. Beene’s awareness of a woman’s desire to express her individuality through dress gained further prominence in his designs, and he began experimenting with his ‘architectural’ dresses, loose-fitting garments that belied their heavily structured interiors. By the late 1960s, Beene’s fascination with popular culture began to influence his work and his collections increasingly reflected a modern sensibility. Iconic designs produced during this period, such as his sequined football jersey dresses (1967), the ‘Gangster’ collection (1968) and evening dresses crafted from sweatshirt fabric introduced a relaxed spirit to the world of high fashion, marking the beginning of Beene’s design evolution.

Beene became one of the first American designers to produce a secondary line of more affordable clothing, when in 1971 he launched his Beene Bag label. At this point in his career Beene began to rethink the relationship between clothing and modern living. Believing that the body should define the shape of a garment, Beene used less structured fabrics, such as jersey, to produce softer and more fluid designs. However, these designs were widely criticized by a skeptical American fashion press. In 1976, aware that European endorsement would promote acceptance of his designs at home, Beene became the first American ready-to-wear designer to show his collections in Europe, where they were well received.

It was not until the early 1980s that Beene initiated what he called his ‘true glorification of the body’. Through unique cuts, seaming techniques, sheer panels and color changes that served to accentuate specific areas, he focused his designs on parts of the female body seldom considered. Incorporating the use of triangular panels in his 1984 collection, Beene presented a novel method to alternatively reveal and conceal the body. These geometric cuts sculpted the body while permitting more fluid movement. His single seam and curved seam dresses, produced during the mid-1980s, remain among his most significant contributions to fashion. Beene’s pairing of contrasting fabrics, such as melton wool and point d’esprit lace, was quickly established as a design trademark, giving his designs a playful, irreverent quality. Through careful refinement of such methods, the progression of Beene’s innovative design techniques and ideas continued into the 1990s (see fig.).

Beene defied conventions throughout his lengthy career, forging his own path until his death in 2004. His fashion shows, for example, featured dancers in avant-garde presentations intended to accentuate the kinetic qualities of his garments rather than showcase supermodels on a catwalk. Often overlooked by the media, Beene’s contributions to the world of fashion were nonetheless honored with eight Coty Awards, and three museum retrospectives: in 1988 at Western Reserve Historical Society in Cleveland and the National Academy of Design in New York, and in 1992 at the Fashion Institute of Technology. Other honors included the Neiman Marcus Award (1965), the Marshall Field Distinction of Design Award (1975), the CFDA Designer of the Year award (1986/87) and an honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts degree from the Rhode Island School of Design (1992). Indeed, his original designs have proven to be timeless classics for the independent woman.