Showing 1335 results

Authority record

Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975

  • US.20180702.010
  • Person
  • 1906-1975

The dancer, actress, and activist Josephine Baker was born on June 3, 1906 in St. Louis, Missouri. At the age of 18, she left America and her turbulent childhood behind for Europe. She settled in Paris, quickly becoming the toast of the town after starring in "La Revue Nègre." After a year starring in the revue, Baker became a headline attraction at the Follies Bergère. It was at this famous club that Baker debuted her now-famous banana skirt. Thanks to her success in Paris, Baker was able to perform throughout Europe. The entertainer continued to perform in Parisian revues throughout the 1920s and 1930s. During this time, Baker began acting in movies, becoming one of the first black woman to star in a major motion picture. Her first speaking role was in 1934's Zouzou. In 1936, Baker returned to the U.S. and performed on Broadway in the "Ziegfeld Follies." After appearing on the New York stage, she traveled the U.S. in her own show. Baker returned to Paris, however, and became a French citizen in 1937. During WWII, Baker worked as an intelligence agent, ambulance driver, and entertainer for French troops in North Africa. She was awarded the French Legion of Honor for her service. In the 1950s, Baker began adopting children of different backgrounds. Her and her "rainbow tribe," as she referred to them, lived in Southwestern France. In 1958, she returned to the Parisian stage in an auto-biographical show titled "Paris Mes Amours." Josephine Baker died on April 12, 1975 at the age of 68. Her legacy lives on to this day. Many contemporary fashion designers name her as inspiration for their collections.

Baldwin, Alec, 1958-

  • US.20200715.001
  • Person
  • 1958-

Alec Baldwin (born Alexander Rae Baldwin III on April 3, 1958 in Massapequa, New York) is an American stage, T.V. and film actor. He is the oldest of four brothers, all of whom are actors. He is probably best known for his portrayal of Jack Donaghy on 30 Rock (2006-2013).

Baldwin, Jim

  • US.20200404.027
  • Person
  • active 1970s

American fashion designer.

Balenciaga (Firm)

  • US.20180927-008
  • Corporate body
  • 1919 (date of establishment)

Balenciaga, Cristobal, 1895-1972

  • US.20180927-004
  • Person
  • 1895-1972

Cristobal Balenciaga (1895-1972) was a Spanish Basque fashion designer. He was a leading couturier in Spain. After moving to Paris during the Spanish Civil War, Balenciaga founded the Balenciaga fashion house, becoming renowned for his innovations in silhouettes and structural design. Although the House of Balenciaga closed following his death, it was later re-opened in 1986.

Ballard, Bettina

  • US.20180702.111
  • Person
  • 1905-1961

Bettina Ballard (1905-1961) was a celebrated fashion editor at Vogue magazine. Vogue hired Ballard in 1934. Ballard first worked as a writer at the New York office but was soon sent to France to be the American resident editor because of her knowledge of French and familiarity with Paris. During the war, Ballard chose to temporary leave Vogue to serve in the Red Cross. Ballard was rehired after the war and was promoted to fashion editor. From 1946 to 1954, Ballard reported on both the U.S. and French couture shows. In addition to this, she was one of the first reporters to cover the Spanish, Italian, and Irish fashion shows. After leaving Vogue, Ballard worked as a fashion consultant and contributing writer for Town & Country magazine, until her death in 1961.

Ballerino, Louella

  • US.20200515.002
  • Person
  • 1900-1978

Louella Ballerino (1900-1978) was a sportswear designer working in Los Angeles during the mid-20th century. While studying art history at the University of California, Ballerino learned design techniques from Andre Ani, a costume designer at MGM. Around this time, Ballerino sold fashion sketches to wholesale designers to earn extra cash. Around 1940, Ballerino opened her own shop in Los Angeles. Her design aesthetic was informed by the California lifestyle of leisure and comfort. The sportswear brand Jantzen hired Ballerino to design a beachwear collection. Her popularity waned in the early 1950s and she never again achieved the fame and success she had in the 1940s.

Balmain, Pierre, 1914-1982

  • US.20180927-005
  • Person
  • 1914-1982

Pierre Balmain (1914-1982) was the founder of the the Balmain fashion house in 1945. The House of Balmain was a leading post-war fashion house, dressing royalty and famous actresses. Balmain's designs are well-known for their graceful and classic silhouettes. Balmain also designed costumes for film and theatre, as well as a line of perfumes.

Bamberger's

  • US.20201113.003
  • Corporate body
  • 1893-1986

Bamberger's was a department store chain native to New Jersey. It was founded in Newark in 1893 by Louis Bamberger and originally named L. Bamberger & Co. In 1929, it was bought by R.H. Macy and Co. Over the decades, the chain branched out across the state, opening multiple locations. However, in 1986, Macy's made the decision to rename all Bamberger's stores as Macy's.

Bankhead, Tallulah, 1902-1968

  • US.20180702.008
  • Person
  • 1902-1968

Tallulah Bankhead (1902 - 1968) was an American stage and screen actress. Known for her outrageous personality, Bankhead won acclaim from both U.S. and European audiences. She began acting in 1918, performing a bit part in a Broadway production. Although a steady stream of roles came to her during her early career, Bankhead was unsatisfied with the tepid response she received from reviewers. She left for London in 1923 and became a box office hit. She appeared in a handful of stage roles, each garnering her praise, until she left for Hollywood to star in her first film, in 1931. Unfortunately, her first few films were flops. Bankhead returned to Broadway in 1933, but could not find success. It wasn't until 1939 when Bankhead starred in The Little Foxes that she won over critics, winning a New York Drama Critics Circle award for her performance. This was to be her last major triumph on the American stage. Bankhead continued acting in films and on stage until her death in 1968.

Banks, Jeffrey

  • US.20200715.014
  • Person
  • 1955-

Jeffrey Banks is a menswear designer working in New York. Banks holds a degree in Fashion Design from both Pratt Institute and Parsons School of Design. While at school, Banks worked as a design assistant to both Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren. In 1977, he launched The Jeffrey Banks Signature Menswear Collection. Banks became the design director for Merona Sport in the 1980s, reinventing the brand by introducing new colors and textiles. Since then, Banks has worked at several design firms including Haggar Clothing Company, Johnnie Walker Scotch, East Island, and Metropolitan View, establishing each as a successful company under his direction.. He has won two Coty Awards for Outstanding Menswear (1982) and men's Furs (1977). Banks has also acted as a senior board member of the Board of Trustees of the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT).

Barbier, George, 1882-1932

  • US.20180702.007
  • Person
  • 1882-1932

George Barbier was one of the great French illustrators of the early 20th century. Born in Nantes, France October 10, 1882, he was a student of J.P. Laurens at the Beaux-Arts and exhibited at the Salon des Humoristes in 1910 under the name of Edouard William. The following year he began working at the gallery of Boutet de Monvel. From 1912 to his death he regularly figured into Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and was the recipient of many prizes. For the next 20 years Barbier led a group from the École des Beaux Arts whom Vogue nicknamed "The Knights of the Bracelet"—a tribute to their fashionable and flamboyant mannerisms and style of dress. Included in this élite circle were Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, Charles Martin, and his cousins Bernard Boutet de Monvel and Pierre Brissaud. He contributed to Gazette du Bon Ton, le Jardin des Dames et des Modes, Modes et Manières d'Aujourd'hui, Les Feuillets d'Art, Fémina, Vogue, and Comœdia Illustré. His career also included jewelry, glass, and wallpaper designs. Through the Max Weldy Studios he created a number of décors and costumes for the Folies Bergère and other music halls. He is credited with the costume for Rudolph Valentino in the movie Monsieur Beaucaire. In the mid 1920s he worked with Erté to design sets and costumes. In 1929 he wrote the introduction for Erté's acclaimed exhibition and achieved mainstream popularity through regular appearances in L'Illustration magazine. Barbier was also one of many artists who made a living illustrating limited "editions de luxe," intended to be collectors’ items due to their rarity and high standards of printing. Eagerly collected In France in the teens and twenties these classics and contemporary works were illustrated by leading artists of the day and often bound in lavish, specially designed bindings. Artists such as Guy Arnoux, George Barbier, Leon Benigni, Benito, Brunelleschi, Georges Lepape, Charles Martin, and Andre Marty found a lucrative demand for contributions which brought a considerable amount of prestige. The first book of this kind done by Barbier, in 1913, was an album of drawings of Nijinsky, the dancer, done in his various roles in the Ballets Russes. 1914 saw a similar album of Karsavina. Done mostly in black and white, it is in these that the similarity to Beardsley's style is most evident. After these albums, Barbier seemed to pull away from this style, using more color and less outlining to make his graphic statements. Barbier died in 1932 at the very pinnacle of his success.

One of the great French illustrators of the early 20th century, he was also a designer of theater and ballet costumes, a journalist and writer.
Barbier was born in Nantes, France and moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. There he studied alongside many of the fellow artists and illustrators later dubbed "The Knights of the Bracelet," by Vogue, which included Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, and Charles Martin. Over the course of his career, he contributed to many popular journals of the day including Gazette du bon ton, Les feuillets d'art, Fémina, Vogue, and Comoedia Illustré. He created set designs and costumes for the Folies Bergère, and worked as an illustrator for artists’ books and “editions de luxe.” Very little documentation of Barbier’s personal life survives today; he died at the pinnacle of his success at the age of 50.

Barentzen, Patrick de

  • US.20181005-007
  • Person

Patrick de Barentzen was an Italian fashion designer working in the mid-20th century. His couture salon opened in 1958. In 1968, de Barentzen debuted a collection inspired by the 1940s, three years before Yves Saint Laurent would do so in Paris.

Barrows, Stanley

  • US.20200918.021
  • Person
  • [1915]-1995

The Texas born Stanley Barrows was an instructor and mentor in interior design. Stanley Burrows was an interior design educator who taught history of interior design and decoration with an emphasis on the 17th and 18th centuries at Parsons from 1946 through 1968. He later taught at FIT starting in 1968, and acted as chair of Interior Design from 1979 until his retirement in 1985. In his youth, Barrows had been studying art history at Parsons, but was unfortunately interrupted when he was drafted in the military for World War II, where he serviced as a photoreconnaissance officer. He received an honorary doctorate in fine arts from Parsons in 1993. Stanley Barrows passed away on January 31st, 1995.

Barrows, Sydney Biddle

  • US.20200804.014
  • Person
  • 1952-

Sydney Biddle Barrows (1952 - ), a direct descendent of Mayflower passengers, operated a high-class escorting service in New York from 1979 to 1984, becoming later known as the 'Mayflower Madame.' An alumna of FIT, Barrows now works as a business consultant and writer.

Bass, Barbara

  • US.20181109-005
  • Person

Barbara Bass joined Bloomingdale's in 1980 as Operating Vice President for Branch Store Merchandising and remained with the company for almost seven years. Before coming to Bloomingdale's, Bass had worked for Burdine's, another division of Bloomingdale's parent company, Federated Department Stores. In April 1985, Bass was promoted to Executive Vice President and General Merchandise Manager at Bloomingdale's. This interview takes place roughly one month before Bass was named Chairperson and CEO of San Francisco's I. Magnin & Company, another division of Federated. While she praised Bloomingdale's equal treatment of women in the workplace, her new role at I. Magnin & Co. made her the first female CEO of any of the Federated divisions.

Beaton, Cecil, 1904-1980

  • US.20180702.006
  • Person
  • 1904-1980

Sir Cecil Beaton was born in London in 1904. Beaton attended St. John's College, although he never graduated. He signed a contract with Condé Nast to supply Vogue with fashion photographs in 1930. He photographed royalty, movie stars, fashion designs, and cultural elites. His first book, The Book of Beauty, was published in 1930, followed by dozens more which became a platform for him to show off his talent for illustrating. Beaton produced costumes and sets for both stage and screen, winning three academy awards, two for Best Costume Design (Gigi in 1958 and My Fair Lady in 1964) and one for Best Art Direction (My Fair Lady in 1964). Queen Elizabeth II knighted Beaton in 1972.

Beebe, Susan

  • US.20200125.012
  • Person

Susan Beebe was born and raised in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. She attended the Parsons School of Design in New York. Shortly after graduating in 1980, the then-23 year old designer received an order for four hand knit sweaters from both Bergdorf Goodman and another high-end New York department store. She was known for her sweaters, often in angora and always with some sort of trimming; as a student, she won the Oscar de la Renta Thimble Award for a feathered angora sweater. By 1981, Beebe had her designs in boutiques and department stores across both the country and the Atlantic. Her career seems to have stalled in the early 1980s, with no mention of her after a 1981 New York Times article.

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