Showing 1490 results

Authority record

A. Beller & Co.

  • US.20191212.001
  • Corporate body
  • 1890-1931

A. Beller & Co. was a cloak and suit manufacturer established in 1890 by Abraham Beller. The A. Beller & Co. adaptions of imported models as well as the company's own original designs were of the highest quality and retailed at high-end department stores. The company's product was considered the gold standard for American manufacturers, and the company's executives, Abraham Beller and Max Meyer, were widely respected within the industry. The company shuttered its doors in 1931 amid the Great Depression.

Abajian, Robert

  • US.20200328.002
  • Person
  • 1932-1995

Robert (Bob) Abajian received his training from the Fashion Institute of Technology. In 1978, he received the Mortimer Ritter Award, presented for outstanding achievement in design. He was a member and the president in 1992 of Fashion's Inner Circle.

In a 42-year career in the apparel industry, he served as design director for the apparel company College Town/Panther from 1980 to 1983 and spent 11 years as design director for Bobbie Brooks. He joined Liz Claiborne in 1984 as design director and, after a brief period away from the company, returned in 1987 as vice president of the Lizsport line.

As a senior vice president at Liz Claiborne, he was in charge of coordinating design for the $1.1 billion sportswear division, which consists of three lines. He took over the company's design direction when Ms. Claiborne retired as company chairwoman in 1989. He retired in 1994.

He developed a studio at Liz Claiborne where recent design graduates could work with an established director in developing their skills.

Abboud, Joseph

  • US.20200201.016
  • Person
  • 1950-

American menswear fashion designer known for his tailored suits.

Abercrombie & Fitch

  • US.20200222.004
  • Corporate body
  • 1892-

Abercrombie & Fitch was founded in 1892 by David Abercrombie. Then known as Abercrombie Co., the brand sold outdoor specialty goods. Twelve years later, Ezra Fitch becomes a partner and the name changes to Abercrombie & Fitch. The company was sold to James S. Cobb in 1928 after Fitch retired. Throughout the mid-20th century, the brand changed owners as well as visions for the brand. In 1996, the company, now owned by Limited Brands, went public on the New York Stock Exchange. Notable customers of the brand include Amelia Earhart, John F. Kennedy, and Theodore Roosevelt.

Abraham & Straus

  • US.20200523.004
  • Corporate body
  • 1865-1995

Abraham & Straus was founded by Abraham Abraham and Isidor Straus, co-owner of R.H. Macy and Company, on February 14, 1865 in Brooklyn, NY. Taking up an entire city block ( between Fulton, Hoyt, and Livingston Streets and Gallatin Place) Abraham & Straus remained one of these shopping destinations in Brooklyn throughout the late 19th and most of the 20th century. The owners often planned new expansions, like a 10 story complex in 1928 (the Great Depression made it so only three sections were constructed). In 1959, the store expanded once again spilling over to the lot across Hoyt Street. By the mid-century, however, the area surrounding the department store began to lose it's grandeur. In 1995, the store was repurposed into a Macy's. Today, you can still see parts of the original design inside the Macy's.

Abzug, Bella S., 1920-1998

  • US.20200715.005
  • Person
  • 1920-1998

Bella Savitzky Abzug was an American lawyer, U.S. Representative, social activist and a leader of the Women's Movement. In 1971, Abzug joined other leading feminists such as Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, and Betty Friedan to found the National Women's Political Caucus.

Adler, Kermit

  • US.20201107.001
  • Person
  • died 2008

Adolfo, 1933-

  • US.20200201.018
  • Person
  • 1933-

Adolfo Sardiña, best known as Adolfo, began his successful fashion career in Paris as an apprentice to Balenciaga. American buyers admired his work and encouraged him to come to New York. In 1953 he became a designer for the milliner Emme. Adolfo hats earned him his first Coty Award in 1955.

In 1962 Adolfo started his own business. A few years later, on the theory that if he could design a hat he could design anything, Adolfo started making his Chanel-inspired suits and his unusual evening gowns. In 1969 he was presented with a special Coty Award for his contribution to design from head to toe. Adolfo carried his theory further in 1976 with men’s clothes for Leon of Paris.

In the short time Adolfo has been in men’s wear, he has won much acclaim. He nominated for the 1977 Coty Award. Adolfo’s talents are even wider spread now—designing shirts, neck wear, activewear, personal leather goods ladies fur coats, not to mention scarfs, hats, luggage, perfume, men’s slacks, ladies knits and silk blouses, boys shirts and men’s shoes.

“A person can look put together without appearing too rigid or too extravagant, “says Adolfo. “If people are astute enough to combine different clothes with flair and style, they can create their own fashion. We all must maintain the freedom to show off individuality. Fashion should be revolutionary, but always in the direction of good taste.” When not on the road for personal appearances, Adolfo can be found from dawn to dusk working on new ideas in his design studio.

Adrian, 1903-1959

  • US.20200118.001
  • Person
  • 1903-1959

Gilbert Adrian, known simply as Adrian, epitomized the magic of Hollywood glamour and created a unique and quintessentially American style. He was born in Connecticut in 1903 and began his career as a designer for Broadway musicals. In 1925, he moved from New York City to Los Angeles to work in film, most notably at MGM, until 1941. During the darkest years of the Great Depression, Adrian combined an appreciation for detail in Parisian couture with a distinctive American sensibility and created unforgettable fashions for the big screen. Among his most memorable designs are the bias-cut silk gowns that became Jean Harlow's signature look and Joan Crawford's broad-shouldered and narrow-waisted power suits that pioneered a revolution in the way American women dressed. Other examples from his Hollywood years include the opulent and often seductive ensembles from films such as "Mata Hari," "Romance," "Camille," "Marie Antoinette", "DinnerT," and "The Philadelphia Story." He designed hats for Greta Garbo in "Romance" (1930) and "Camille" (1936), for Jean Harlow in "Blonde Bombshell" (1933), and for Joan Crawford in "The Gorgeous Hussy" (1936).

Gilbert Adrian's career as a high fashion designer flourished in the years from 1942 to 1952 when he had a custom salon in Beverly Hills and a ready-to-wear line in the most exclusive specialty stores of the day. Adrian's fashion designs included his strong-shouldered suits, provocative cocktail dresses, and art-inflected evening gowns. Significantly, contemporary designers such as Azzedine Alaia and Geoffrey Beene admire Adrian for his use of imaginative themes and sophisticated technical constructions, all inflected by his signature wit. In 2002 the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art developed the exhibition ''Adrian: American Glamour'' which presented a comprehensive look at Adrian's lifetime of work as an artist, a costume designer, and an American couturier.

Aghayan, Ray

  • US.20200404.039
  • Person
  • 1928-2011

Agnelli, Marella

  • US.20200404.021
  • Person
  • 1927-2019

Marella Agnelli was born Princess Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto in Florence, Italy on May 4, 1927. Agnelli attended the Académie des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian in Paris, studying art and design. She moved to the U.S. in the early 1950s, where she modeled for and apprenticed under Vogue photographer Erwin Blumenfeld. Agnelli's neck became a point of conversation thanks to a now-famous photograph by Richard Avedon. Marella married Gianni Agnelli on November 19th, 1953. The newlyweds became an it couple in the European jet-set. No expense was spared in cultivating and maintaining their lavish lifestyle. Throughout the late 20th century, the couple mingled with European and American glitterati. After Gianni Agnelli passed away, Marella spent her time rehabilitating a villa in Marrakech named Ain Kassimou. Marella Agnelli passed away on February 23, 2019, in Turin, Italy.

Aiken, Lawrence

  • US.20181207-007
  • Person

President and CEO of Sanofi Beaute, Lawrence Aiken began working in the fragrance industry in 1980.

Akris (Firm)

  • US.20200314.019
  • Corporate body
  • 1922-

Akris is a Swiss fashion house specializing in luxury goods for women.

Alaïa, Azzedine

  • US.20200715.011
  • Person
  • 1935-2017

Azzedine Alaïa was born in Tunis, Tunisia on February 26th, 1935. The son of a Tunisian wheat farmer, Alaïa was accustomed to working hard. His twin sister Hafida taught him how to sew as a way to make some extra money. Alaïa spent much of his youth reading fashion magazines from Paris. He studied sculpture at the École des Beaux Arts in Tunis before moving to Paris in 1957. Christian Dior hired him but the job lasted only five days; Alaïa's paperwork was not in order. Two aristocrat women took him under their wing, hiring the young designer as an au pair. Alaïa slowly accumulated customers, including Greta Garbo and novelist Louise de Vilmorin. The dancers at the Crazy Horse cabaret taught him the art of revealing the right amount of skin. While working at the houses of Guy Laroche and Thierry Mugler, Alaïa perfected his couture art, visiting textiles factories to research fabrics and spending his free time working with his private customers. In 1979, Alaïa opened his own house. The timing could not have been better as the designer's powerful and seductive garments were perfect for the 1980s. Throughout the decade, countless celebrities chose to wear his garments. Alaïa was unwilling to play by the rules, and by the mid-90s, he was not showing in accord with the set fashion schedule. He had private clients who kept him in business through the rest of the decade. In 2000, Prada acquired a stake of his company but seven years later, Alaïa bought it back to sell to the Richemont group. His one condition in the transaction was that he would work on his own pace. Alaïa showed collections sporadically throughout the 2000's and 2010's. His last collection was in July of 2017. Four months later, Azzedine Alaïa passed away.

Alberto & Roy (Firm)

  • US.20181006-016
  • Corporate body
  • 1955 (date of establishment)

In 1951, Alberto & Roy published what is considered the first trend forecasting book. The company is still in the business of trend forecasting.

Aldrich, Larry

  • US.20200404.017
  • Person
  • 1906-2001

Larry Aldrich was born in 1906 to Russian immigrant parents in New York. In 1924, he attended Columbia college to earn a law degree but decided to pursue fashion after a summer job in the garment district. Aldrich opened his first fashion firm in 1927 but his name did not appear on the clothing label until the 1940s. He stayed in business until 1966 when he sold his business. After retiring, he focused solely on art collecting, a hobby of his since 1937. Aldrich founded the Aldrich Museum for Contemporary Art in Ridgefield, CT. in 1967. Aldrich died in 2001 at the age of 95. During his career in fashion, Aldrich acted as president of the New York Couture Group.

Aleu, Fernando

  • US.20181207-011
  • Person

Dr. Fernando Aleu was born in Spain. He moved from Spain to the University of Iowa. While working at NYU in the neurology department, he and his business partner started a company called Compar. His business was created in November, 1969 as a way to distribute the products of Paco Rabanne, a friend and designer. Since then, the compnay has made many other agreements with designers, such as Carolina Herrera. In 1970, a fragrance his company produced, Calantra, was a potential nominee at the Fragrance Foundation's award ceremony. This was Aleu's first interaction with the Fragrance Foundation and Annette Green. Around 1976, he was offered as position as president of the Fragrance Foundation, partially due to his relative neutrality in judging other's fragrances. He was president for about 14 years, although stepped down for a period of time early in his presidency. He later held the position as the president of the Fragrance Foundation Research Fund.

Alexander-Lipman, Pearl

  • US.20180702.001
  • Person
  • unknown

Pearl Levy studied at Cooper Union and the Traphagan School. At the age of twelve she sold her first designs to children’s wear manufacturer Joseph Love, and at seventeen she started her own business. Prior to striking out on her own, Levy was employed as a designer by coat manufacturer Rubin Endler, Inc. In 1930, Levy married Albert Louis “A. L.” Alexander, a police reporter-turned-radio announcer. After her marriage, Levy became known, both personally and professionally, as Pearl Levy Alexander, Pearl L. Alexander, and Pearl Alexander. She eventually married a second time, and by the early 1960s was known as Mrs. Pearl Lipman.

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